I had a problem and I noticed that I’ve, in the last couple of years, started to think differently about how to solve problems like these. I thought I share the solution to my problem here but also a little bit about the reasoning behind my problem solving.
The problem is easy enough to describe: I wanted to extract all the images from 20+ Word documents. I decided to write a script and share it here.
TL;DR - just the script
Here’s the bash script that I ended up with
#!/bin/bash rm -rf zips mkdir zips cp docs/*.docx zips for file in ./zips/*.docx; do mv "$file" $file.zip unzip $file.zip 'word/media/*.jpeg' -d $file.images rm $file.zip done
Decisions, decisions, decisions
First of all I decided to write a scrip to do this. I did that because I want to keep my programming thinking alive and also learn something a little new (almost) every day. I suck at shell scripting and this seemed like a nice exercise.
The first thing I did when writing the script was to think about how I could run the script over and over again, in an easy fashion. For me that means that I kept the raw data (the Word documents in this case) in one folder and the output in another.
I’ve learned, the hard way, that writing any kind of code requires ~a few~ many iterations. I want to test an idea, run that part, tweak the idea and then run again. Many times a minute.
For that reason I set myself up in away that support this iteration. For that reason I clean up the output folder in the first set, like this:
rm -rf zips.
The actual algorithm builds on the fact that Word documents (.docx format) are actually zip files. My first step is therefor to copy them to my working directory
zips with the command
cp docs/*.docx zips
Once the documents are in the working directory I need to change the extension of each file, from
.zip. I found no easy way to do this with a single command, but rather ended up iterating over them.
This is accomplished with the
for construct, and in all honesty I’ve never tried that before in shell scripts. The block inside
done gets iterated for each
file in the directory.
Renaming each file turns out to be easy inside the loop, by simply appending
.zip to the end of the current file name
mv "$file" $file.zip
Now that I’m already iterating I decided to unzip each directory too. For this I’m using the
unzip command. The
word/media/*.jpeg part means that I only unzip that folder inside the zip-archive.
-d $file.images creates a folder with the suffix
.images where the images are extracted too.
Finally I decided to clean up and remove the zip archive, inside the loop. That is a little bit unnecessary but why not.
This was a fun little exercise.
- It was faster to code this up than to open and extract all images manually
- I can do this over and over. I might add more pictures to the documents later, or more documents…
- I learned some new stuff
- I got to blog about it too.
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